Sun.What was once a feature of science fiction films is now part of everyday life, and the numbers only prove the ubiquitous nature of this biometric flexibility. Thanks to security, the fight against crime and extreme economic competition, the global face recognition software market is expected to reach $ 11.62 billion by 2026. According to data from Markets and Markets.
From aviation to automotive, security and finance, this technology has proven itself in recent years. As the market grows, face recognition algorithms become more sophisticated. According to NIST, the American Organization for Standards and Standards, the accuracy of recognition software has been multiplied by 50 in just 6 years.
In 2014, the average software failure rate was 4% based on 26.6 million people. It fell to 0.2% in late 2018 and then to 0.08% in early 2020. Like most technologies, face recognition has its opponents. Fueled by misinformation, many users fear intrusion into privacy and personal freedoms or a potential computer attack. However, face recognition is one of the most secure means of authentication on the Internet.
Social networks mark the end of privacy
“Face recognition has become largely possible due to the desire of Internet users to design their digital portraits on the Internet”, according to AVG AntiVirus. Spontaneously, Internet users have given technology everything it needs to open new horizons. Billions of images of their faces from different angles on social networks, creating a reliable database for the study and improvement of technology, in particular, through artificial intelligence. And this data is not necessarily stored in Apple, Samsung or even Google.
But there are also a number of free databases, although their number of images is limited compared to private or official. Among them is Clearview AI, an American startup that boasts of recovering 10 billion images from the Internet (social networks, business sites, etc.), including more than 2 billion from Russian social networks such as VKontakte. That is why the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine purchased Clearview AI services to identify dead, potential suspects and enemies at checkpoints.
Chaotic legislative patchwork
So far, any technical regulations have proved difficult.
“At the national and international levels, there are discussions about setting standards that determine the use of this technology in relation to the privacy of individuals.”, clarifies CNDP. The European Union, which recently considered banning the technology for five years, is time to assess its impact, and has finally decided to allow each country to choose its own rules on this very ambiguous point. Facebook, which had face recognition data for more than a billion users, decided at the end of 2021 to stop the system on its platform.
In June 2020, several technology companies, such as IBM, Amazon and Microsoft, also stopped selling facial recognition systems to police, recognizing that they create problems of discrimination and civil liberties. Only recently, technology giants Google, Apple and Microsoft announced an agreement to create a system for authentication without passwords. The goal, Google explains, is to allow users to connect to the online service simply by unlocking their smartphone (using its usual method: fingerprint, face recognition, multi-digit code, etc.). As face recognition technology improves, its problems will decrease. In the early days, it was described as scary, invasive. Today, users’ dependence on it shows all the interest that this technology arouses.