specialty, common core, continuous evaluation … Let’s summarize

Bachelor's and high school reform: specialty, common core, continuous assessment ... Let's sum up

BAC REFORM. Abolition of general flows, lists of specialties to choose for future graduates … Here is key information about the reform of bachelor’s and higher education, which is carried out in 2020.

[Mis à jour le 10 mai 2022 à 13h18] The Bachelor of 2022 is a new bachelor’s degree after the reform of the famous exam, launched in 2020. The new formula, in which the L, ES and S series have disappeared, is based on a “common core”, supplemented by specialties chosen by the student himself, from the premiere of the secondary school.. The former also underwent a cast of the new bachelor’s formula in January 2020, with the launch of the “continuous bachelor’s test” known as the “E3C”. In fact, at the beginning of the school year on Monday, September 2, 2019, high school and bachelor’s reform began to be applied in high school.

Therefore, the 2022 bachelor’s degree should include 60% final control and 40% continuous control. In practice, now in the first class you need to choose three specialties, and in the final – two (which future graduates should choose from the first year). As we claim, rue de Grenelle to offer à la carte routes. Below is a list of new majors and core subjects, top grades, and other key details on higher and secondary school reform.

► Go to the page of the Ministry of Education dedicated to the new bachelor’s degree

Special page

This page describes the reform of high school and bachelor’s degree, how it should be applied in normal conditions. Check out our article on Bac 2022 to learn about Covid-19 activities.

According to the government, the goal of the bachelor’s reform is clear: to simplify the course and “give high school students the opportunity to plan for success in higher education.” In summary, three key elements overlap with the formation of a new bachelor’s degree:

In the first and last year, students adhere, from the beginning of the 2019 academic year, a common core, which is estimated at 16 hours of study per week in the general course, from 13 to 14 hours at the technological:

  • French (1st)
  • History of geography
  • Moral and civic education
  • Living language A and living language B
  • Physical education and sports
  • Scientific education (general) / mathematics (technological)
  • Philosophy (in the terminal)

Bachelor and specialty reform

Twelve specialties have now been created for the general bachelor. Therefore, future graduates should choose three in the premiere and two in the terminal class. Students have 4 hours of lessons per week for the specialty in the premiere, and then 6 hours of lessons per week for the specialty in the terminal. This list mixes more or less traditional disciplines:

  • art
  • Biology and ecology
  • History-geography, geopolitics and political science
  • Humanities, literature and philosophy
  • Languages
  • Literature, languages ​​and cultures of antiquity
  • Mathematics
  • Numerical and information sciences
  • Chemical physics
  • Life and Earth Sciences
  • Engineering sciences
  • Economics and social sciences

Not all universities offer all specialties. It is enough that high school students and parents are very nervous. Do you have to change institutions now to get a specialty of your choice? What if high school offers majors that offer multiple places after a bachelor’s degree? These issues are obviously not related to the anger that spread in high schools in December 2019 due to hundreds of blockages, as well as fires and injuries. On December 16, during the Grand Rendez-vous Europe 1, Les Echos, CNews, Education Minister Jean-Michel Blanker tried to reassure him: he then asserted that in the “vast majority of secondary schools” (92% according to the ministry), the seven most common specialties will be guaranteed with “one or two others”. The academies also claim, according to Le Figaro Etudiant, that students will be able to study in the specialties they are interested in, in another institution in case of limited supply in their own institution … The ministry clarifies that students will also be able to remotely monitor teaching individual specialties.

From the bachelor’s degree of 2021 the constant control share of 40% on the final estimation of the bachelor’s degree was integrated from the first general-technological class, clarified the Ministry of Education at the end of 2019. Purpose? “Add more value to students’ work and progress.” Continuous assessment should take into account both the results of the school report (10% of the continuous assessment score) and the results of three series of continuous assessment tests, “E3Cs” (30% of the continuation assessment). The ministry clarifies that the subjects of continuous assessment will be taken from the national bank, that copies will be anonymous, and teachers will not correct these tests for their students, all in order to “guarantee the national nature of the exam.” .

And on the calendar?

  • in the first series Continuous assessment tests are conducted from the end of January to the middle of March according to the schedules set by each institution. The menu includes history-geography (2 hours), two living languages ​​(2×1 hours) and mathematics (2 hours) for the technology sector.
  • The second series E3C premieres run from mid-April to mid-June. It will cover the same disciplines, but will be complemented by special education № 3, which is not stored in the terminal, and scientific education for general areas.
  • Finally, third series General tests of continuous assessment are conducted in the terminal, from May to June, and apply to the same subjects as for the last series, except for special education № 3.

Refer to the section on continuous assessment on the QuandJePasseLeBac website. to carelessly prepare you for the continuous tests and to get acquainted with the interactive calendar of tests, as well as practical tips on how to take them.

According to a report by Dares (Director of Animation Research, Research and Statistics) entitled “Jobs in 2022” and published in April 2015, the best opportunities for this horizon are on the side of guardians, IT professionals, commercial (and technical-commercial) / administrative / accountants / financial managers, teachers, nannies, teaching and research staff (scientific professions), consultants / training / communication professions, housekeepers, IT and telecommunications engineers, specialists in administrative / accounting / financial services, salespeople , maintenance workers, vehicle drivers, nurses and midwives, cooks, hotel and restaurant workers, cultural and sports workers, skilled workers (especially in high-tech industries such as energy, aeronautics or mechanics, but also in construction), skilled workers per second of work (electricians, carpenters, plumbers, etc.), senior technicians and supervisors or maintenance of cars or cars, heads of banks and insurance, hairdressers, beauticians.

Reussirmavie.net, an orientational web magazine dedicated to teenagers aged 16-25, lists the following recruitment professions to help young people improve their professional project, get the best opportunities and, why not, choose their specialties accordingly:

  • Elevator technician
  • computer scientist
  • Developer
  • Web designer
  • technicians in fiber-optic technology
  • ocular optician
  • Commercial and trade professions
  • Finance and accounting professions
  • Transport professions
  • Army crafts
  • Work in the aviation industry
  • Engineer
  • Catering (fish trade, butcher)
  • Hearing aid specialist
  • Cooling, ventilation and roofing, plumbing
  • Energy and electrical engineering
  • Retail banking professions
  • Mechanical professions
  • Statistics
  • Insurance
  • Heads of departments
  • Nuclear industry
  • New professions on the Internet (webmaster, multimedia project manager, etc.)
  • Professions of air traffic
  • Professions of logistics