France has distinguished itself by its climate policy, despite controversy

Kok-a-doodle Doo! MIT Technology Review has published its Green Future Index. According to this indicator, France ranks fourth after Iceland, Denmark and Norway, which literally means “index of a green future.” The review decides between 76 countries on five criteria: carbon emissions, energy transition, green society, clean innovation and climate policy. But scientists argue because of weak methodology.

France seems to be a model in terms of climate policy. In any case, this is the conclusion of the “index of the green future”, which puts France in fourth place among the “greenest” countries on the list of 76 countries. An award that the government is proud of. Starting with Bruno Le Mer, the Minister of Economy, who said: “Yes, our environmental policy is ambitious!“.

The same satisfaction from Emmanuel Vargon, the Minister-Delegate in charge of housing. “This is a rating that pays tribute to all the efforts that have been made in particular during this period.“She told the deputies. Other members of the government and members of the En Marche and most also welcomed the rating on social media.Ecology, as we protect it, is action and results“, We can read on En Marche’s Twitter account.

Big differences from one criterion to another

But is France so good in the rankings? On closer inspection, the picture drawn by the Green Future Index is not so green for France. The index measures countries’ commitment to clean energy, decarbonised industry, sustainable agriculture or green society through investments made or made in renewable energy, innovation or even green finance. It is divided into five subcategories. However, France shows large differences depending on the criteria used.

Thus, the country ranks 62nd (out of 76) in terms of “energy transition”. This indicator reflects the share of renewable energy sources in the country’s energy balance. As for the “green society”, France ranks 57th. This category includes various factors, such as the renovation of buildings, the consumption of meat and dairy products, and the speed of processing or reforestation.

France shows the best results in terms of “greenhouse gas emissions”, as it ranks 13th. This classification is established according to the total greenhouse gas emissions and their progression in transport, industry and the agricultural sector. In terms of “clean innovation”, France ranks ninth, taking into account investments in clean energy, food or green patents. France has the best rating in terms of climate policy, as this country ranks second. However, this criterion weighs 40% of the final score, which explains the good overall rating of the country.

The index distinguishes between promises, not facts

These data reflect policy commitments and goals in terms of financing carbon emissions or developing sustainable agriculture. The review highlights France’s policy to support Air France, as it “with green conditions“Thus, the report rewards commitments and future progress, not real achievements.”We do not give medals to the French government “, says Ross O’Brien, lead author of the report, France2. “The study does not say that France is green today, but says that France has laid the foundations to become a very green country in the future.The problem is that France has been convicted of violating commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

This hint means nothing., condemns Celine Givarsch, a member of the High Climate Council and co-author of the latest IPCC report. “This is a short report, not reviewed by experts, with very little detail on its methodology. This is far from scientific research“, The researcher analyzes. She is also sad “The disturbing use of this report and the contempt for working to create credible elements to shed light on the debate in which I am participating with all my colleagues“.

Matilda Hall @Mathgolla