Everything you need to know before investing in a pond is a practical guide

This is a particularly interesting property of real estate, which is addictive. Because it consists of the best and most important resource: “water”.

The pond has an anti-stress effect on people and creates peace. However, we are not (yet) investing in the pond just for its health benefits, even if it is true that water is our most valuable and sometimes rare resource, without which life would be impossible.

And we rarely say that, but wetlands play an important role in carbon sequestration.

1 – Why buy a bet?

A nice investment for a person or useful for a professional

Isn’t it the Grail when you can just enjoy your investment and get together with your family? What is the best memory of a picnic by the water with children during a fishing trip that will go down in history? This is priceless, especially today in the face of the unprecedented COVID crisis!

For a professional, a body of water can also allow him to fish, water his animals or even irrigate his crops.

Exclusivity comes from rarity

Another reason why some people invest in a pond is that it cannot be propagated. Everything that often does not reproduce has value, especially if it contains water. Aren’t we saying that scarcity makes it expensive?

Indeed, unlike traditional property, which can be multiplied according to building permits, the pond is more difficult to reproduce for many obvious reasons. Permission to create a reservoir is not so simple and not in vain.

Therefore, it is safe to say that betting prices will continue to rise.

Potential income

The pond is also a leaseable property. Fisherman, for example, is the first thing that comes to mind. Carp or predator enthusiasts sometimes pay good sums to do their favorite sport (No Kill) and catch a good catch that they release into the water for other anglers!

Waterfowl hunting is also popular. Rents can be significant (rates for the number of nights?), Especially for night hunting in a hut in the North Pas-de-Calais. Fans of this hunt are waiting all night on guard in the hut waiting for migratory ducks. Depending on the purchase price of the pond and the mode of its operation, the yield can range from 0% to 15%.

2 – Where to buy a pond, at what price?

Since this property cannot be multiplied, it will be easier to go and find a rare pearl with many ponds to increase your chances tenfold, such as the Millet Etang Plateau, a geographical area of ​​more than 220 km in the northeast of the Upper Sonna.

The Domb region is also very well provided for. You can also find a bid in areas with “lack of resources” by tracking ads, consulting with professionals or making an offer directly to the owners.

The price rate depends on many factors. The common belief that the pond costs about 10,000 euros per hectare is too simplistic to generalize. As in the forest, the price per hectare depends on compliance with the law, its danger to the environment, its nutrition, stocking.

The smaller the pond, the higher the price of its surface. Some bets in the most popular places are sold at exorbitant prices and without ads, they are so popular and rare. The most expensive region is Nord-Pas-de-Calais.

When estimating the selling price, two points should not be overlooked: the depth of the reservoir and its livestock. Some vendors may have put some nice pieces, for example, carp is perfect for fans of “No Kill”, but beware of sellers who tell you that they put them when they are not in the pond …

This information should be checked using special equipment. The Department of Fisheries Department will definitely help you in your search.

But we must remain vigilant, because the law is strict and the rules are precise.

3 – What precautions should be taken?

Adjusting the rates is very difficult and thorough, so in many respects it is desirable to be vigilant.

A bet or a bet?

A water body will be legally qualified as a pond if its water surface exceeds 1000 m² (below this is a pond). If it is a pond, you will need to know the date of its creation, as the 1992 water law has profoundly changed the situation.


There are two basic principles depending on the nature of the rate:

Closed waters: quite rare, corresponding to water surfaces that do not connect with watercourses, except for periods of flooding and drainage.

At the same time, gravel quarries are undoubtedly one of the investments with the lowest risk and investments (works) related to regulations.

Open waters: natural or artificial reservoir installed on a riverbed or spring that does not impede the free movement of fish. (In terms of fisheries policy, batrachia and crustaceans fall into the category of “fish”).

Wetlands, bogs, ponds, wetlands of all kinds are characterized by exceptional biodiversity. They play an important role in flood prevention and water management. Therefore, it is also necessary to be interested in regulations on biodiversity, as they will not allow all the desired changes.

Correspondence of works

Structures are structures that ensure the proper functioning of the pond: dams, shores, fish nets, etc. These facilities must also comply with applicable regulations.


Defecation is usually carried out to achieve the following objectives: maintenance work, stock control, vegetation management, etc. It must be allowed by the competent services upstream and makes it possible without obligation to find out the general and sanitary condition of the reservoir. but perform some before selling.


The surrounding pond (shore, trees, etc.) should also be regularly serviced by a forest manager, landscape designer, etc. If trees threaten the safety of the pond, they must be cut down.

Isolated and private places are now subject to vandalism and poaching. To prevent this, it is important to limit the road to the property as much as possible and clearly mark private property with legible signs “private property or bathing is prohibited” to cover the level of insurance in case of claim (drowning, etc.). This will also avoid the dishonesty of poachers, who will allow you to illegally set “traps” to collect frogs from your pond.

Declaration of existence / preference

The rate must be declared in the DDT (departmental management of territories), and the seller must provide you with this document, otherwise it will have to be sorted out. If the rate is not based on law (if it does not appear on Cassini’s map or in a document confirming its existence before 1789), and if no statement has been made to the DDT, then the existence of even the rate may be questioned, and your transaction is risky!

Bets are also under the preemptive right of a number of organizations: SAFER, State, Conservatoire Espaces Naturels… which, therefore, can become buyers on your behalf!

Price, applicable law should not be taken lightly before taking advantage of its relaxing weekend. An investment in pleasure remains an investment!