It is important to manage waste properly to combat climate change. This is one of the main conclusions of the CoM SSA participants at Africities 9 in Kisumu, Kenya.
Cities are responsible for 70% of global greenhouse gas emissions. Waste is regularly included in the 3 leading sources of emissions in cities, after housing and transport. 60 to 80% of waste in Africa consists of organic matter. Cities that do not have a waste management process are usually dumped in landfills that produce methane and greenhouse gases. During the CoM SSA sessions, more than 150 participants from about 20 African and European countries had the opportunity to share and discuss how waste management is a competence traditionally transferred to local communities, which is a lever for climate and energy policy.
Audrey Giral-Naepels, Deputy Director of Urban Development, Planning and Habitats at AFD, said the links between climate and waste emissions are already well known: “One third of the world’s waste remains unused. – Contracts, and it has a direct impact on health, biodiversity, climate and even economic development.In Africa, waste accounts for 8.1% of GHG emissions, while the global level is 3%. ”French expert, CoM SSA partner in several sub-Saharan cities , including Kisumu, explains that waste prevention, recycling and energy recovery can be levers for climate change mitigation, as waste is one of the main sources of GHG in supported cities. if fully implemented, can play an important role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, although African cities are often responsible for waste management. , they still have no connection to the climate and are fighting for access to finance. This event demonstrated the close link between waste and climate and advocated unblocking access to climate finance, especially for waste management projects.
One of the sessions of the event also considered climate action plans as an important and necessary step in the urban roadmap for effective action in response to the challenges of climate change. The members of the SSA Commission had the opportunity to demonstrate the work they had done to develop their climate and energy plans, drawing the audience on a journey to the climate and energy issues facing their cities. In this way, the public was able to learn about the main conclusions of this plan, the goals and actions it envisages, and the orientation that these cities want to give to their climate plan to contribute not only to their international obligations but also to strengthen them. stability. During this session, Kisumu and Nakuru counties launched their climate action plans with the CSM. These local governments are paving the way for more sustainable and low-carbon development of their territories, for the first time in Kenya.
Grace Karanha, Nakuru County Director for Environment, Energy and Natural Resources, said: “Given the number of climate risks affecting sub-Saharan Africa, climate action plans need to be specific and based on human data. who suffered the most. due to climate change. “
When it comes to climate change, cities are both the source of the problem and the greatest potential for solving it. The good news is that solutions exist, and to do so, SSA sessions offered participants the opportunity to meet with city officials and experts from different sectors to learn from their experiences and successes, while learning how the European Initiative works with African cities. to mobilize and attract private funding for projects identified in their climate action plans.
The Covenant of Mayors in Sub-Saharan Africa (CoM SSA), launched in 2015, is a major catalyst for local climate action in the region with the political commitment of more than 280 local governments. This initiative is co-financed by the European Union, the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development of Germany and the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation.
For more information on this topic, please contact Jeanne Etienne at: [email protected]